How beautiful the season is now – How fine the air. A temperate sharpness about it. Really, without joking, chaste weather – Dian skies – I never lik'd stubble fields so much as now – Aye better than the chilly green of spring. Somehow a stubble plain looks warm – in the same way that some pictures look warm – this struck me so much in my Sunday's walk that I composed upon it.
John Keats in a letter to his friend J.H. Reynolds.
Keats wrote "To Autumn" on September 19, 1819, at the height of his skill. He had just returned from a stroll near the town of Winchester in Hampshire, England.
...'Joyce and Lawrence are polar opposites: Joyce of the school of Flaubert, highly architectural, a French polisher of language, prepared to give a week to find the words to make the phrase he wants, and then another to their rearrangement; Lawrence impressionistic and impulsive, over-fluid and repetitive sometimes, appearing merely to sketch approximations of meaning, at others finding expression which answers to Shelley's description of Wordsworth's imagination - "new creating" what it sees. For Lawrence everything was forever up for discovery. A new world, new feelings, and a new language in which to apprehend them'...
A driver drives, manages, controls, directs and monitors the entity under its command. What a bus driver does with a bus, a device driver does with a computer device (any piece of hardware connected to a computer) like a mouse, keyboard, monitor, hard disk, Web-camera, clock, and more.
According to Paul Farmer, the US administration dismantled the constitutional system, reinstituted virtual slavery for building roads, and established the National Guards that ran the country by violence and terror after the Marines left.
It also made massive improvements to infrastructure: 1,700 kilometres (1,100 mi) of roads were made usable; 189 bridges were built; many irrigation canals were rehabilitated; hospitals, schools, and public buildings were constructed, and drinking water was brought to the main cities. Sisal was introduced to Haiti, and sugar and cotton became significant exports. The U.S. Marines supervised the operations of a client Haitian government, and emphasized American-style modernization of the infrastructure and universal education. Haitian traditionalists were highly resistant to these changes while the urban elites wanted more control. Together they helped force an end to the occupation in 1934. President Herbert Hoover sent a commission that set up a plan of withdrawal that was achieved under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The first step was a gradual, systematic turnover of government functions to the Haitian government; in 1934 it took control of the Garde and the Marines departed. The debts were still outstanding and the American financial advisor-general receiver handled the budget until 1941.
In 1915, Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave was elected president. He was succeeded by Louis Borno in the 1922 elections. Borno worked closely with the Americans. Aware that many Haitians did not speak French, he was the first president to authorize the use of Creole in the education system. Recognition of the distinctive traditionalism of the Haitian people had a sharp impact on black writers in the U.S. (as well as white writers exploring black themes), including Eugene O’Neill, James Weldon Johnson, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston and Orson Welles.
MacArthur administered "a censorship bureaucracy that extended into every aspect of public expression". Between 1945-49, US censors checked 330 million pieces of mail and monitored 800,000 private phone conversations! Newspapers, books, public broadcasting and cinema were heavily censored. A Tokyo stage show in which one of the cast sang ‘how can we have democracy with two emperors?’ (ie Hirohito and MacArthur) was banned. Taboo subjects included criticism of the US, criticism of the emperor, food shortages, the black market, warnings about World War III, fraternisation and ‘mixed blood children’, and references to censorship. While the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were not officially proscribed subjects, eye-witness accounts and other reports were suppressed. Dower notes, "for over six years, Japanese scientists and doctors... were denied access to data that might have assisted them in communicating to and helping atomic-bomb victims".
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Johnny Cash and June Carter Cash, 1969
|Bahrain||6,361,444||3,063,425||45||Aircraft parts; assault rifles; tear gas; ammunition|
|Egypt||16,804,843||4,007,966||31||Bombs, missiles, body armour,|
|Iran||424,174,977||0||0||Non-military such as civil aircraft components, imaging cameras|
|Iraq||476,555,614||4,772,784||31||Body armour, weapon sights, gun parts|
|Israel||26,733,874||4,639,459||91||Armoured plate, gas mask filters, signalling equipment, radar equipment|
|Jordan||20,972,889||11,994,142||51||Armoured vehicles, gun parts, gas mask filters|
|Kuwait||14,487,907||6,473,940||38||Anti-riot shields; patrol boats; military software|
|Lebanon||6,206,142||784,282||5||Body armour; shotguns|
|Libya||214,846,615||33,899,335||25||Ammunition; crowd-control equipment; tear gas|
|Morocco||2,165,881||1,149,102||18||Bomb-making parts; 'swarming' ropes; thermal imaging equipment|
|Oman||13,986,422||9,361,120||122||Combat aircraft parts; parts for unmanned 'drones'; tank parts|
|Qatar||13,122,884||3,875,753||22||Crowd-control ammunition; military cargo vehicles; missile parts|
|Saudi Arabia||139,718,960||64,311,296||98||4-wheel drive vehicles; armoured personnel carriers, air surveillance equipment|
|Syria||2,676,460||30,000||1||Small arms ammunition|
|Tunisia||4,504,745||131,273||10||Radar equipment; gun parts|
|United Arab Emirates||210,415,462||15,890,384||152||Military software; heavy machine guns; weapon sights|
|Yemen||285,247||160,245||4||Body armour; ammunition|
Nov 11, 2013
Thousands of Palestinians have marked the ninth death anniversary of the late leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), Yasser Arafat.
Carrying portraits of Arafat, the Palestinians marched in several cities in the occupied West Bank to commemorate his demise on Monday.
On November 5, a Swiss laboratory investigating Arafat's death submitted the results to representatives of his widow, Suha Arafat, as well as representatives of the Palestinian Authority (PA).
The Swiss scientists, who tested samples taken from Arafat's corpse, said the tests showed "unexpected high activity" of polonium-210, which "moderately" supported the poisoning theory.
The scientists -- from the Vaudois University Hospital Centre (CHUV) in Lausanne, Switzerland -- carried out a detailed examination of Arafat's medical records, samples taken from his remains, which were exhumed in November of last year, and items he had taken into the hospital in Paris where he died.
David Barclay, a British forensic scientist who had studied the report, said, "The report contains strong evidence, in my view conclusive evidence, that there's at least 18 times the level of polonium in Arafat's exhumed body than there should be."
Many Palestinian officials believe that Israel poisoned Arafat.
'No PA-Israel deal better than bad one': PA official
(Our pictures are deactivated sometimes because of our critical publications about the Middle East)
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Vivien Leigh was born 100 years ago, on 5 November 1913.